Ignatius of Loyola and Martin Luther
Author:
Publish date:
Summary: Some 500 years ago, Martin Luther and St. Ignatius of Loyola were caught in the same struggle between faith and works that has been raging since the beginning of time. Loyola attempted to stymie Luther's Reformation, which was reminding the people of the truth and grace found in God's Word.
 
 

St. Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1566) was the founder of the Society of Jesus, also known as the Jesuit Order. He lived in the same era as the great reformer Martin Luther (1483-1546). The Pope gave Loyola and the Jesuits the duty of neutralizing Luther and the Reformation. Read more about the Counter Reformation in Protestantism Destroyed

Submission

Luther’s appeal was that we are to submit directly to God through the Scriptures, "by which our consciences should be formed and confirmed."i

Loyola’s aim was for everyone to submit their consciences to the Papacy. The Jesuit Oath requires that the person follow the Pope perinde ac cadaver; that is, "as a corpse." Submission to the Papacy and the Superior General of the Jesuits is, according to Ignatius, meant to be absolute and removes personal opinions or wills:

"Let us be convinced that all is well and right when the superior commands it," wrote Loyola. And again: "Even if God gave you an animal without sense as a master, you will not hesitate to obey him, as master and guide, because God ordained it to be so."ii

All judgment laid aside, we ought to have our mind ready and prompt to obey, in all, the true Spouse of Christ our Lord, which is our holy Mother the Church Hierarchical.iii

Faith

Loyola taught "Ignatian Spirituality," achieved through spiritual exercises that put imagination and experiential religion in the place of reality and faith. Luther taught that "faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God" (Romans 10:17), while Loyola popularized a spirituality of the senses, in which feelings and visions are to be trusted.

Luther believed that "by grace ye are saved" (Ephesians 2:4, see also 2:5-8), and, "Then good works are bound to follow, which are the fruits of repentance."iv Loyola and the Jesuits, on the other hand, taught that good works are means for salvation:

...the exterior penances are done chiefly for three ends: First, as satisfaction for the sins committed; Second, to conquer oneself— that is, to make sensuality obey reason and all inferior parts be more subject to the superior; Third, to seek and find some grace or gift which the person wants and desires (emphasis added).v

Guilt and Sin

Whereas Martin Luther wrote that repentance is the first step to salvation, Loyola expressed that guilt should be dealt with by beating the body and seeking supernatural experiences. Luther said this:

The true way to Christianity is this, that a man do first acknowledge himself by the law, to be a sinner and that it is impossible for him to do any good work. For the law saith thou art a corrupt tree (St. Matt. vii 17)...The first part then of Christianity is the preaching of repentance and the knowledge of ourselves, of what we are, namely sinners.vi

Historian J. H. Merle D'Aubugine tells us this:

Inigo [that is, Ignatius of Loyola], instead of feeling that his remorse was sent to drive him to the foot of the cross, persuaded himself that these inward reproaches proceeded not from God, but from the devil; and he resolved never more to think of his sins, to erase them from his memory, and bury them in eternal oblivion. Luther turned toward Christ, Loyola only fell upon himself...

Visions came erelong to confirm Inigo in the convictions at which he had arrived...Inigo did not seek truth in the Holy Scriptures; but imagined in their place immediate communication with the world of spirits...Luther on taking his doctor’s degree had pledged his oath to Holy Scripture...Loyola at his time, bound himself to dreams and visions; and chimerical apparitions became the principle of his life and his faith.vii

Many of St. Ignatius' unBiblical teachings are expressed through his book of spiritual exercises, which has become a common tool for Catholic and Protestant spiritual formation. Learn about these spiritual exercises

This article is adapted from Walter Veith's Rekindling the Reformation DVD The Jesuits and the Counter Reformation Part 1.

 


 

i. Martin Luther Concerning the Ministry (1523). Found in Conrad Bergendoff (ed.), Luther's Works (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1958).

ii. Edmond Paris, The Secret History of the Jesuits (Chick Publications, 1975): 26. 

iii. Elder Mullan S. J. (Trans.) The Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola (New York: P. Kennedy & Sons).

iv. "Article XII: Of Repentance," Augsburg Confession (1530).

v. Elder Mullan S. J. (Trans.) The Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola (New York: P. Kennedy & Sons).

vi. Martin Luther, Commentary on Galatians (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 1987): 68.

vii. J.H. Merle D’Aubugine, D.D., History of the Reformation of the Sixteenth Century (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, reproduced from London 1846 edition in 1976).

Science Deceptions
Media Deceptions
Reformation
Spiritual Deceptions
Health Deceptions
A Basis for Conflict
Is there evidence for Creation science? How does it compare to evolution? The following articles give insight in to these questions and more.
The Big Bang Theory Creation and Evolution: Is Compromise Possible? How Can We See Stars That Are Billions Of Light Years Away? Understanding the Creation Week Geocentricity: It's Time to Face the Facts The Rise of Evolutionary Thinking Earth's History: Conflicting Paradigms Lamarck Proposes Natural Selection Age Of The Earth Is Carbon-Dating Accurate? Flood Chronology
Evidence in Stone
Can we understand the age of the earth by the rocks? What theory does the evidence support?
Soft Rock Evidence for Rapid Washout
The Fossil Record
What does the fossil record show us? Is it all random or a defined science that we can understand? Where does evolution fit? Uncover mysteries in the history of the Earth.
Evolution of the Horse Evolutionary Sequences Order in the Fossil Record Explosive Evolution Fossils prove a Flood Fossil Footprints Dinosaurs and the Flood Petrified Trees The Biblical Flood Reasons For Extinction Fossil Reefs The Post-Flood World Human Evolution
Genes of Genesis
As we study the genome, the molecule, and the atom, we see a vast network of intricate systems beyond our understanding. Were these systems really formed by chance?
Mechanisms For Variation "Species" versus "Kind" Creating Life in a Test Tube? Molecules That Began Life Natural Selection Natural Selection as a Creative Force Ernst Haeckel's Theories Variation and Classification Why So Many Species? The Australian Problem Synesthesia: Mystery of God’s Creation
Creation to Restoration
How did this world change from the perfection depicted in Genesis to a world full of thorns, thistles, parasites, and death? If God made everything perfect, how could it have all been so changed?
A Good World Gone Bad An Imperfect Planet Evidence For Design Evidence For Transformation Rapid Transformation The Dawn Chorus and Life Forces Clean and Unclean: The History of the Human Diet
Archaeology and the Bible
Archaeology and prophecy have proven the Bible to be true. But what's so special about the Bible that makes it a point of so much controversy?
Archaeology Confirms the Bible The Lost Books of the Bible
Crossing Musical Boundaries
Music is a powerful emotional motivator that crosses cultural and language barriers. Its message can be understood by every culture and people across the planet.
Can You Feel the Music? The Bible and Rock Music: Are they Compatible? The Last Great Contest – Worship From the Horse's Mouth: The Rock Industry Condemns Itself
Hollywood and the Movies
What is the system of worship found most often in our society? Does it glorify God?
Hollywood's History Hollywood and Gnosticism
The Dangers of Television
Beware of the television's abilities to hypnotize, alter moods, and even cause depression.
Violence and Video Games
Like music and movies, video games are addictive and can cause behavioral problems.
The Origins of Halloween
What is the origin behind this popular festival celebrated every October 31?
Catholic Councils
What happened at the Council of Trent? The First Vatican Council The Second Vatican Council
The Jesuits
Learn what people throughout history have had to say on the reputation, history, and political nature of the Jesuit Order.
Ignatius Loyola and Spiritual Formation Protestantism Destroyed The Jesuit Superior General
The Pope Claims to be God on Earth
Read proof that throughout the Roman Church's history, the Papacy has often claimed that the Pope is divine.
Cross and Crown
This book "Cross and Crown" is a powerful and thrilling recital of the most romantic and dramatic incidents in history to be found on record, told in the simplest, most graphic, and entertaining form.
The Aggressive Intentions of the Papacy
The historian Ranke says this about Protestant-Catholic relations: "In the year 1617, everything betokened a decisive conflict between them. The Catholic party appears to have felt itself the superior. At all events it was the first to take up arms."

This article highlights quotes from historical and Catholic sources proving the Papacy's aggressive nature.
The Bloody History of Papal Rome - A Timeline The Bloody History of Papal Rome - Quotes Christianity and Violence
Religious Doublespeak
Language can be used to communicate both truth and lies. Learn about the religious doublespeak being used to pull the wool over the eyes of the world.
Hegelian Thinking and World Politics
Hegelian dialectic thinking is applied in many situations in world politics. Often the ordinary people are used as pawns in the game of Hegelian psychology played by those who pull the strings of world control.
The Great Controversy
Read this classic work by Ellen G. White.
The Destruction of Jerusalem Persecution in the First Centuries An Era of Spiritual Darkness The Waldenses John Wycliffe Huss and Jerome Luther's Separation From Rome Luther Before the Diet The Swiss Reformer Progress of Reform in Germany Protest of the Princes The French Reformation The Netherlands and Scandinavia Later English Reformers The Bible and the French Revolution The Pilgrim Fathers Heralds of the Morning An American Reformer Light Through Darkness A Great Religious Awakening A Warning Rejected Prophecies Fulfilled What is the Sanctuary? In the Holy of Holies God's Law Immutable A Work of Reform Modern Revivals Facing Life's Record The Origin of Evil Enmity Between Man and Satan Agency of Evil Spirits Snares of Satan The First Great Deception Can Our Dead Speak to Us? Liberty of Conscience Threatened The Impending Conflict The Scriptures a Safeguard The Final Warning The Time of Trouble God's People Delivered Desolation of the Earth The Controversy Ended
Is the Bible True?
If archaeology and prophecy have proven the Bible to be true, then why is it a point of so much controversy?
Archaeology Confirms the Bible Scripture is Inspired by God Studying Scripture The Lost Books of the Bible
Who is Jesus?
Is Jesus really who He says He is?
Did Jesus Ever Exist? Was Jesus the Messiah? Is What Christianity Teaches True? Is Jesus God? Why Did Jesus Have To Die? Six Purposes for Christ's Life and Death on Earth The 70-Week Prophecy What Day Did Jesus Die? Jesus, the Recycled Redeemer Names of Christ in Revelation
Christian Living
Consider the crucial points of the Christian life with author Wendy Goubej.
What to do About Low Self-Esteem What does the Bible have to say about money? Why Should I Study the Bible? How God Saves Us Examine the Roots God’s Supreme Sacrifice for You Conversion and Repentance A True Christian Spiritual Life What is Faith? Surrender Christian Growth God's Promises to You Baptism: the New Birth Experience
Good God, Bad World. Why?
Did God create sin? If not, where did it come from?
The Great Controversy The Prince of this Planet The Origin of Sin God's Plan to Eradicate Sin
A Day of Rest
Have you taken a day to recreate lately?
What is the Seventh-Day Sabbath? Creation and the Sabbath The Weekly Cycle Why Sunday? Sabbath FAQ
The Gospel Story
Since the beginning of time, God has communicated timely messages to the inhabitants of planet Earth. It all started in Eden, with the first Gospel announcement.
The Second Advent Movement The Beginning of the End of Time The Great Disappointment and the Birth of Adventism What are the Three Angels' Messages? Adventism and the Final Conflict
Signs and Wonders
Are miraculous signs the best way to be sure that God exists?
Supernatural Deceptions Stigmata - a sign of God or a deception?
Walking Through Daniel
Dive into prophecy and history in this chapter-by-chapter commentary of the book of Daniel.
Introduction to Daniel Daniel 1 Commentary Daniel 2 Commentary Daniel 3 Commentary Daniel 4 Commentary Daniel 5 Commentary Daniel 6 Commentary Daniel 7 Commentary Daniel 8 Commentary Daniel 9 Commentary Daniel 10 Commentary Daniel 11 Commentary Daniel 12 Commentary
Walking through Revelation
Join us on a journey through the pages of this letter from Christ to His people.
The Chiastic Structure of Revelation Is Revelation a Sealed Book? Revelation 1 Commentary: The Revelation of Jesus Revelation 1: Jesus, The Heart of Revelation Revelation 2 Commentary: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira Revelation 2-3: Letters to Seven Churches Revelation 3 Commentary: Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea The Throne, The Lamb and the Sealed Book Revelation 4 Commentary: The Throne in Heaven Revelation 5 Commentary: The Scroll and the Lamb Revelation 6 Commentary: The Vision of Seven Seals Revelation 7 Commentary: The 144,000 Revelation 8 Commentary: Seven Trumpets Revelation 9 Commentary: The Bottomless Pit Revelation 10 Commentary: A Little Book Revelation 11 Commentary: Two Witnesses Revelation 12 Commentary: The Woman and the Dragon Revelation 13 Commentary: Two Beasts Revelation 14 Commentary: Three Angels' Messages Revelation 15 Commentary: Seven Angels, Seven Plagues Revelation 16 Commentary: Seven Bowls of God's Anger Revelation 17 Commentary: A Woman Rides the Beast Revelation 18 Commentary: Babylon Falls Revelation 19 Commentary: The Rider on the White Horse Revelation 20 Commentary: Millennium and the Judgment Revelation 21 Commentary: The New Jerusalem Revelation 22 Commentary: Invitation and Warning
Deceptions Today
The greatest deceptions are still being formed in society today. Secret international alliances, the mark of the Beast, the New Age, and other issues are discussed.
The Antichrist Identified Politics and the Papacy Unity at All Cost? Pentecostalism The New Age Movement Secret Societies The United Nations' Global Government What’s So Bad about Spiritual Formation? Zionism
The Second Coming of Christ
How will Christ return, and what will it mean for His people?
Signs of The Second Coming of Christ How Christ will Return What will Happen to God's People? What will Happen to the Rejecters of God? Will there be a Secret Rapture? The Seven Plagues
The Millennium of Peace
Learn about the Bible's prophecies on God's judgment, deliverance, Armageddon, and the earth made new.
Viewpoints What is the Judgment? Probation and God's Promises Consequences Begin Deliverance and Armageddon Satan Bound God's People will Judge Postmillennial Return of Christ The Resurrection of those who Reject God The Crowning of Christ The Punishment for those who Reject God The Earth Made New
Spiritual Gifts
Learn from Paul as he teaches the Corinthian Church about spiritual gifts.
Understanding 1 Corinthians Pagan Practices What are Spiritual Gifts? 1 Corinthians 12: Spiritual Gifts Defining the Spiritual Gifts A Lesson in Love Dealing with Tongues Prophecy: God's Guiding Gift
The Mystic Realm of Death
Is there more to death than the fact that it is the opposite of life?
Death: Understanding the Terminology A Biblical Understanding of Death The Resurrection of Lazarus Spiritism Hell and Purgatory An Immediate Afterlife? The Parable of Lazarus
Excitotoxins
Excitotoxins cause physical and spiritual destruction. Learn about the main types of exitotoxins and what can be done to avoid them.
Aspartame MSG: Is This Silent Killer Lurking in Your Kitchen Cabinets
Is a Little Wine Good for the Heart?
Reports show that red wine may be beneficial to heart health. Is that a good enough reason to start drinking alcohol?
Is a Little Wine Good for the Soul?
The Dairy Controversy
Get the truth about lactose, calcium, and the need for caution around dairy products.
Drink Milk? Udder Propaganda Lactose Intolerance Calcium
Poisoned Meats
Today's meat and dairy industries are focused on profit rather than health.
The History of the Human Diet
Genetically Modified Foods
The agriculture industry is fast becoming reliant on genetically modified foods. Learn the facts about GMOs and the effects this trend is having on health worldwide.
Soy Safety Summarized Still Eating Genetically Modified Foods? The Big GMO Cover-up
Refined Grains
Most of the bread products consumed today are made of refined grains. Are our breakfast cereals and "fortified" loaves as healthy as we like to think?
The Gluten Connection: Weighing in Against Modern Wheat
Coffee
Do the stimulating benefits of coffee really outweigh the costs?
America's Number One Drug Problem—Coffee Caffeine
Sugar—Affecting the Body and Mind
Refined sugar is addictive, destructive, and devoid of any nutritional value. Why does it continue to be a staple food across the world?
Sugar and Mental Illness Eating Sugar is Worse than Eating Nothing at All Sugar Substitutes The Truth About Evaporated Cane Juice
Can You Beat the Nicotine?
Smoking leads to massive amounts of sickness and death every year. Can you beat the nicotine?
Kicking the Tobacco Habit Nicotine and Depression
Necessary Treatments?
From mammograms to prescription drugs, the modern medical industry is always presenting a new way to diagnose and solve health issues. But are these new treatments really healing anything?
Mammograms or Thermal Imaging? How to Kill a Cold, Starve a Fever Many Doctors Ignore the Root Cause of Cancer Are Hospital Births or Home Births Safer? Compromise in the Pharmaceutical Industry Hepatitis B Vaccines Mercury Poisoning from Amalgam Dental Fillings Tylenol, the tip of the iceberg
Deathtraps in the Cosmetics we Use
There isn't one person I have ever met who knew anything about cosmetics, and that is because the chemistry of cosmetics has always been cloaked in secrecy.
Depression
Find practical ideas for dealing with depression in these articles about symptoms and treatments.
Diseases of the Mind Lifestyle Principles for Treating Depression SAD and Bright Light Therapy
Get Healthy!
We are surrounded by unhealthy foods, unwise practices, and even harmful medical advice. Learn how to overcome these obstacles and choose a healthy lifestyle.
The Eight Laws of Health "You've Changed" When Sin Has Nothing To Feed Upon Physical and Spiritual Health Use it or Lose it! Living off the Land An Attitude of Gratitude Serving Others A Healthy Attitude The Healing Power of Honey Iron in the Vegan Diet Healing
Helpful Health Charts
These graphs and tables can help you jumpstart your health routine.
Sources of Calcium - Chart Animal Products and Food-borne Illness Chocolate and Carob Compared Compatible Combinations of Plant Foods - Graph Acid and Alkaline Ash Food Groups - Graph Schedule for a Healthy Lifestyle